Over the years the idea of heading to New England for a frigid playoff game never appealed to many. Turns out the weather indeed has an impact on passing yards according to Advanced NFL Stats:
The big takeaway should be that temperature does in fact hurt the passing game. Does it hurt dome and warm climate teams more than others? The chart below tells the tale. It's noisier than we'd like, but one thing we can tell is that the colder the weather the lower the passing efficiency for all types of team climates. Keep in mind there are very few games in the extreme bins, only a total of 36 games in the 11-20 degree bin, and only 15 games in the 91-100 bin.